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Intra-City Inequalities, Neighborhoods and Economic Development

Working Paper, February 2020 |

Sripad Motiram, Vamsi Vakulabharanam
How do neighborhood characteristics and social cleavages within cities influence economic development? This study by PERI economist Vamsi Vakulabharanam and Sripad Motiram addresses these questions for the Indian cities of Hyderabad and Mumbai. The study conducts an inequality decomposition exercise to show that a substantial portion of intra-city income inequality is explained by social cleavages such as classes and social groups (caste and religion). The results show both that urban inequalities are stark, and that spatial co-existence of classes and social groups (a phenomenon that the authors term as “Grayness”) is pronounced, with Grayness exerting a strong positive impact on development.
Shadow banking in China plays an important role in China’s overall financial system, but assessments of its impact vary widely. In this paper, Sarah Hsu describes how shadow banking is viewed by Chinese government officials and industry experts as overly risky and potentially undermining the formal financial system. But shadow banks are filling a gap in the provision of finance to particular sectors and smaller firms. Hsu analyzes the impact of government regulation on the shadow banking and non-shadow banking financial sector (i.e., the stock market) and proposes ways to strengthen the regulations of shadow banks to improve access to credit.

Revisiting India's Growth Transitions

Working Paper, December 2019 |

Deepankar Basu
In “Revising India’s Economic Growth Transitions,” Deepankar Basu examines two questions relating to India's economic growth trajectory: structural breaks in growth and the impact of equipment investment on aggregate economic growth. He first shows that substantial accelerations in India’s growth path have occurred only at two points since the 1960s, in 1978-79 and 2004-05. Basu also finds that private investment in equipment and machinery exerts a significant positive impact on India’s GDP growth. These findings shed new light on how India transitioned from a slow to a fast overall growth trajectory starting in the 1990s.
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